Lýsing á verkefninu
Stafræn endurgerð samtímalistar (DCA: Digitising Contemporary Art) er verkefni sem spannar 30 mánuði og er markmið þess að koma á stafrænt form samtímalist, þ.e. list frá því eftir 1945 – en þennan hluta menningararfsins vantar enn að miklu leyti í Europeana sem er ein helsta menningarvefgátt Evrópu.
Með verkefninu verður til stafrænt safn hágæða endurgerða á listaverkum, 26.921 alls – málverkum, ljósmyndum, skúlptúrum, innsetningum, og myndböndum – og 1857 heimildaskjölum, sem verða aðgengileg og rekjanleg í gegnum Europeana; aðgengið verður ekki bundið við lýsigögn og stafrænar smámyndir, heldur verða einnig beinar tengingar við stærri endurgerðir af hverju verki. Þeir sem standa að verkefninu ábyrgjast að gengið verði frá réttindamálum sem varða hið aðgengilega stafræna efni. Safnefni þetta, sem samanstendur meðal annars af meistaraverkum helstu listamanna flestra landa í Evrópu, mun fylla skarð sem hingað til hefur verið í efnisframboði Europeana.
Það sem brýnast er í þessu verkefni er að samhæfa tæknilegar lausnir hvað varðar stafrænu endurgerðirnar og lýsigögnin, svo að virkni þeirra verði samhæfð, og að finna viðeigandi heildarsafnlausn fyrir hverja stofnun. Það sem verkefnið leiðir fyrst og fremst af sér er tengingin við Europeana. En stafræna endurgerðarferlið mun einnig stuðla að varðveislu listaverka.
Stafræna endurgerðarferlinu er ætlað að gera samtímalist sýnilegri á netinu, þar eð hún hefur ótvírætt listrænt vægi og er ómetanlegur hluti evrópskrar menningar, og að ýta undir áhuga almennings á samtímalist sem verður með þessu meira áberandi í gegnum menningarvefgáttina Europeana.
Helstu notendur og þarfir þeirra
Sé haft í huga hve mikill áhugi er á samtímalist, varðar það efni sem verður endurgert með stafrænum hætti breiðan hóp alþjóðlegra notenda (þar á meðal nemenda á öllum aldri), ekki aðeins sérfræðinga. Þeir, sem stafrænu endurgerðirnar og lýsigögnin eru líkleg til að vekja sérstakan áhuga hjá, eru:
- almenningur, sér í lagi þeir sem hafa áhuga á samtímalist en einnig aðrir;
- aðrir sérhæfðari notendur:
- þeir sem annast milligöngu milli almennings, listaverka og listamanna, svo sem listgagnrýnendur og útgefendur;
- fólk á fræðslusviðinu, til að mynda kennarar og nemendur;
- fólk á rannsóknarsviðinu, svo sem sagnfræðingar og heimspekingar;
- fagfólk á listasviðinu, starfsmenn safna, þar á meðal þeir sem sjá um leiðsögn um söfn;
- ýmsir sem tengjast ferðamennsku, upplýsingatækni, markaðssetningu, hönnun;
- söfn og listastofnanir (endurgerðirnar verður hægt að nota við rannsóknir, kynningarstarf, fræðslu);
Stafræna endurgerðarverkefnið mun leiða til aukins aðgengis að samtímalist í öðru umhverfi en einungis í söfnum eða sýningarsölum þar sem hún upphaflega var sýnd. Sýning á list á netinu í gegnum Europeana og aðrar heildarsafnsgáttir mun gera fólki sem á óhægt um vik með að ferðast kleift að skoða samtímalist og mun það þá geta notið þess að skoða listaverkin án þess að þurfa í raun að fara á listasafn.
Ólíkir hópar notenda geta nýtt sér stafrænar endurgerðir samtímalistaverka á margvíslega vegu, en líklegt er að þarfir þeirra séu oft hinar sömu: þeir munu vilja hafa þægilegan og fljótvirkan aðgang að trúverðugum, hágæða stafrænum endurgerðum samtímalistaverka – og sé það ekki í atvinnuskyni, þá munu þeir vænta þess að fá þennan aðgang án gjalds. Hver sem er mun geta kynnt sér hið nýgerða og ómissandi stafræna efni á vefnum. Í gegnum Europeana (og aðrar vefgáttir) verður notandanum beint að hverjum hlut á sínum upprunastað (t.d. á heimasíðu safns) með því að vísa til hlekks, svo að þeir geti séð frekara sjónrænt efni og ítarlegri upplýsingar um verkið sjálft. Hlekkir af þessu tagi munu auka notagildi Europeana og gera sýnilegri heimasíðu hvers safns sem leggur til verk og jafnframt hvetja þátttakendur í verkefninu til að þróa (óháð verkefninu Stafræn endurgerð samtímalistar) nýjar veflausnir, svo sem tæki sem gera notandanum kleift að skapa sína eigin sýningar eða söfn verka. Þetta mun skila sér í áhugaverðari upplifun á samtímalistaverkaeign listastofnananna fyrir almenning.
Sú tækni sem þarf til endurgerðar og sýningar á hágæða stafrænu efni er að hluta til þegar fyrir hendi í þeim söfnum og listastofnunum sem taka þátt í verkefninu. Að einhverju leyti munu undirverktakar sjá um að útvega stafrænan tæknibúnað. Þátttakendurnir í verkefninu munu útvega gagnagrunna fyrir lýsigögn og myndir. Yfirstjórn verkefnisins mun aðstoða söfnin og listastofnanirnar við að setja upp eða aðlaga gagnagrunna sína svo að þeir séu í samræmi við þarfir þessara aðila og samhæfðir bestu fáanlegu lýsigagnakerfum, orðasöfnum, gagnaflutningskerfum, o.s.frv. Fyrir þær listastofnanir sem hafa ekki svigrúm til að hýsa stór myndbandasöfn mun yfirstjórn verkefnisins hafa milligöngu um samstarf við GAMA-verkefnið. Til að hámarka samvirkni mun yfirstjórn verkefnisins hafa hliðsjón af tæknilegum lausnum Europeana og finna heppilegustu leiðirnar til að sameina nýja efnið efnissafni sínu. Í þeim tilvikum þar sem ekki er mögulegt að innleiða efnið gegnum þá dreifingaraðila sem eru til staðar, verður útvegaður innleiðingarvettvangur (grundvallað á þeim innleiðingarvettvangi sem þróaður var fyrir ATHENA-verkefnið). Til að kortleggja lýsigögn mun yfirstjórn verkefnisins byggja á þeim lausnum sem hafa verið þróaðar af samstarfsaðilum í öðrum verkefnum.
Stafrænu myndirnar sem verða gerðar í nafni verkefnisins verða hluti stafræns safnefnis þeirra listastofnana sem taka þátt í verkefninu. Þær munu sjá um varanlega varðveislu þeirra, rétt eins og þær varðveita önnur gögn og myndir. Verkefnisstjórnin mun sjálf veita leiðbeiningar og aðstoð varðandi það hvernig best er að varðveita stafrænar skrár og hafa þær aðgengilegar til langs tíma. Viðamikil áform um varanleika munu að öllu leyti verða helguð því að aðstoða þátttakendur í því að skapa hentuga áætlun um framtíðarvarðveislu hins stafræna efnis.
Samvinnan um stafræna endurgerð samtímalistaverka mun geta af sér nýtt efnissafn fyrir Europeana: lýsigögn og myndir af 26.921 listaverki og 1.857 heimildaskjölum. Þar á meðal verða meistaraverk sem hafa orðið til innan mismunandi listgreina, eftir helstu listamenn flestra Evrópulandanna. Meðal best þekktu listamanna þeirra eru til að mynda Marina Abramovic, Orla Barry, Christian Boltanski, Marie José Burki, Gusztáv Hámos, IRWIN, Sanja Iveković, Bjorn Melhus, Carsten Nicolai, Dan Perjovschi, Fiona Tan, Blast Theory, Luc Tuymans, Steina Vasulka og Franz West. Listaverkin og heimildaskjölin eru í eigu listastofnana sem þarfnast stuðnings vegna stafræna endurgerðarferlisins og framlags síns til Europeana. Listastofnanirnar sem eru 21 að tölu koma frá 12 Evrópulöndum: 17 þessara stofnana koma frá löndum sem standa hinum fremstu langt að baki hvað varðar aðgengi að menningararfinum í gegnum Europeana, helstu vefgáttina að menningararfi Evrópu. Verkefnið um stafræna endurgerð samtímalistaverka mun veita aðgengi að textum og myndum, sem og myndböndum og hljóðupptökum – sem til þessa hefur lítið gætt hjá Europeana.
argos - centre for art and media (Belgium)
Argos is a platform for audiovisual and plastic arts, at which specific attention is given to the interface between disciplines and to a conscious and alert association with the information society’s evolution. The centre was founded in Brussels with the intention of promoting and archiving video art, initially within Belgium and later internationally, as well as conserving historical works. Argos’ functions include production, conservation and archiving, as well as presentation - exhibitions, film and video showings, lectures and performances.
ARS Electronica (Austria)
Ars Electronica is an organisation based in Linz, Austria, founded around a festival for art, technology and society. The Prix Ars Electronica, the Ars Electronica Festival, the Ars Electronica Center Museum of the Future and the Ars Electronica Futurelab are the four divisions that comprise Ars Electronica Linz GmbH, the specific orientation and long-term continuity of which make it a unique platform for digital art and media culture. Ars Electronica possesses one of the world’s most extensive archives of digital media art from the last three decades.
European Media Art Festival (Germany)
The EMAF is one of the most influential forums for international Media Art. Each April the European Media Art Festival of Osnabrück puts on an annual screening of productions by internationally recognised media artists and innovative work by talented young artists from the academies. Around 250 of the most recent contributions in all sections are selected for the festival from more than 2,000 submissions each year. These works offer a comprehensive view of current trends in international media art. The EMAF’s holdings consist of more than 4,000 films, videos, and documents.
Frissiras Museum (Greece)
The Frissiras Museum houses the private collection of its founder, Vlassis Frissiras and holds 3,500 works of anthropocentric painting, including important names such as Peter Blake, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Paola Rego, Jean Rustin, Pat Andrea, Valerio Adami, Leo Golub, Dado, Mimo Paladino, Antonio Segui and Sam Szafran. The museum also hosts other Greek and international exhibitions by established or younger artists in a fertile discourse within the context of artistic and cultural developments in Europe.
Fundação Serralves (Portugal)
The Serralves Foundation’s mission is to raise the general public’s awareness of contemporary art and the environment through the Museum of Contemporary Art. The Museum’s collection covers a period spanning from the end of the 1960s to the present day. The symbolic start-date for the collection is 1968, but it refers specifically to the socio-cultural events of the second half of the 1960s. The collection aims to provide an exhaustive representation of the ruptures that took place in Portuguese art between the mid 1960s and the end of the 1970s.
Fundació Antoni Tàpies (Spain)
Fundació Antoni Tàpies was created by Antoni Tàpies in 1984 to promote the study of modern and contemporary art. It aims at cooperative ventures with experts in different fields of learning to contribute to a better understanding of contemporary art and culture. It combines the organisation of temporary exhibitions, symposia, lectures and film seasons with a range of publications on Antoni Tàpies’ work. The initial core donated by Antoni Tàpies has been enlarged with recent and historical publications as well as international videos and magazines, which help to swell an ever-increasing collection.
iMinds is an independent research institute founded by the Flemish government to stimulate ICT innovation. Formerly known as IBBT, the Interdisciplinary institute for BroadBand Technology, it comprises over 500 researchers, based on research teams from existing knowledge centres. Multimedia Lab (MMLab) is a young research group within iMinds and part of the Ghent University. It has a portfolio of basic research, applied research and contract-based research with industrial partners. The main areas of expertise of the MMLab are: video coding and compression, image/video processing and analysis, multimedia content adaptation, metadata technology and gaming technology.
Latvian Centre for Contemporary Art (Latvia)
The Latvian Centre for Contemporary Art is a non-governmental institution, the aim and mission of which is to promote the development of contemporary art in Latvia and to support its integration into the international art scene. The LCCA attempts to contextualize contemporary art, promote Latvian contemporary art internationally and to collect, update and disseminate information about Latvian contemporary art. The information centre has a library and artists’ works data base that has been growing since 1993.
LIMA (the Netherlands)
LIMA is the international platform for sustainable access to media art, founded by experts from the former NIMK. With knowledge and passion for both art and technology, these experts are insuring that video, digital and performance artworks can and will be presented well into the future. Therefore LIMA operates in three areas: preservation, research and distribution. LIMA distributes its own collection, that counts over 2,000 works, ranging from early experiments by videoart pioneers to born digital art by upcoming talent. With the storage and digitisation services it supports museums, galleries and individual artists. And in collaboration with artists and museums and universities LIMA carries out research in preservation and accessibility of this segment of cultural heritage.
Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art (Greece)
At present the MMCA’s permanent collection is made up of 1,800 works by Greek and foreign artists. Apart from the permanent display, the MMCA has mounted over 100 exhibitions of works by Greek and foreign artists such as Fluxus artists, Robert and Sonia Delaunay, Matta, Viallat, Beuys, Uecker, Greenaway, Hockney, Ernst, Barlach, Beckmann, Zervos, Kaniaris, Varotsos and many others. The museum library is made up of two-and-a-half thousand books and reviews on art. All catalogues published by the MMCA, audio-visual material and the museum’s archive of artists are available to the public.
Mu.ZEE is the art museum by the sea for Belgian art, with complete openness and accessibility. Mu.ZEE creates an active space for the public and artists where art can be approached in a relaxed, free and creative way. The museum houses a valuable collection of art originating from the joint efforts of the Province of West Flanders and the City of Ostend. It’s story unfolds through a unique collection of Belgian art dating from 1830 to the present day. The collection includes works by artists like James Ensor, Constant Permeke, Léon Spilliaert, Georges Vantongerloo, Paul Joostens, Roger Raveel, Raoul De Keyser, Panamarenko and Luc Tuymans. The specific form of the collection makes it unique within the Flemish museum landscape. The collection policy and exhibition programme aim to ensure that Mu.ZEE is constantly in dialogue with the international art scene.
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (the Netherlands)
The Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen is the main art museum of Rotterdam, in the Netherlands. The museum has a diverse collection ranging from medieval to contemporary art, with a focus on Dutch art. Among the best known artists that are exhibited in the permanent exhibition of the museum are Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Rembrandt, Claude Monet, Wassily Kandinsky, Vincent van Gogh, René Magritte and Salvador Dalí.
Museum of Contemporary Art Grand-Hornu (Belgium)
Located on the site of the former Grand-Hornu colliery in the Mons Borinage region, the Musée des Arts Contemporains (MAC’s) is a landmark cultural project spearheaded by the French Community of Belgium. The mission of the MAC’s is threefold: to build a collection, stage exhibitions and related events and create educational opportunities. The museum shows art of international standing, both in its traditional forms of painting and sculpture and their contemporary counterparts: photography, installation, video, mixed media and performance.
Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art (Croatia)
Muzej moderne i suvremene umjetnosti in Rijeka offers an inspired interpretation of the tradition in modernity, fused with the vibrant reality of the contemporary art production and creates a dynamic collection that encompasses over 8,000 artworks, covering periods from the end of the 19th century to the present day. As an exhibition venue and educational centre, MMSU frequently organizes thematic and monographic exhibitions of Croatian and international artists as well as various screenings, symposiums and workshops that transform it into a place of inspiration, idea exchange and active participation.
Museum of Modern Art (Slovenia)
Moderna Galerija (Museum of Modern Art) is the Slovene national institution for modern and contemporary art. As a museum of Slovene modern art it explores and presents the 20th-century Slovene art tradition, while as a museum of contemporary art and exhibition venue it presents new art practices and their context. It is also a documentary, study, research and education centre, a place for discussion and reflection and for the presentation of art to a wider audience.
National Gallery - Alexandros Soutzos Museum (Greece)
The National Art Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum is an art museum in Athens devoted to Greek and European art from the 14th century to the 20th century. The institutional role of the National Gallery consists of creating collections, maintaining and studying artworks as well as providing aesthetic information for the public. The National Gallery organizes major exhibitions consecutively, thematic or of individual artists, Greek or international, which keep the public interest alive.
National Gallery of Iceland (Iceland)
The National Gallery of Iceland is the principal art museum of Iceland. Its art collection contains about 10,000 works of art and comprises a unique collection, mainly of Icelandic art from the late 19th century to the present day. In its possession are many of the keystones of Icelandic art history, as well as a growing collection of works from other countries. The National Gallery’s main role is to collect, preserve, research and exhibit Icelandic art and offer education about it. There is also a considerable emphasis on showing Icelandic art in context with international art.
National Technical University of Athens (Greece)
The Image, Video and Intelligent Multimedia Systems Lab (IVML) was established in 1988, as one of the Laboratories of the School of Computer and Electrical Engineering and of the Institute of Computer and Communication Systems (ICCS) of the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) in Greece. The members of the Lab (which are about 35, including research scientists, researchers, PhD students, programmers, and supporting staff) participate in the design and implementation of intelligent semantic analysis and retrieval of multimedia content.
Netherlands Media Art Institute (the Netherlands)
The Netherlands Media Art Institute (NIMk) promotes the development, application and distribution of, and reflection on, new technologies in the visual arts. NIMk supports media art in three core areas: presentation, research and collection. The presentation department focuses on showing media art. Among other tasks, this division organizes exhibitions in the Institute’s own gallery space. At present the collection comprises more than 1,500 works, ranging from early experiments by artists now famous in The Netherlands and internationally to recent productions by up-and-coming talents. As of 31/12/2012, the organisation ceased to exist. Its role in the project was transferred to LIMA.
PACKED vzw – centre of expertise in digital heritage (Belgium)
PACKED vzw was founded in 2005 as a platform for the development and dissemination of knowledge on the cataloguing, preservation and distribution of audiovisual arts. As digitisation has been an important aspect of the overall work, PACKED vzw has increasingly evolved in relation to the procedural challenges posed by digital cultural heritage in general. Since January 2011, PACKED vzw has been recognised by the Flemish Ministry of Culture as a centre of expertise in digital heritage. The organisation is actively connected to the broader Belgian and international digital cultural heritage field.
Reykjavik Art Museum (Iceland)
The Reykjavík Art Museum (RAM) is the largest visual art institution in Iceland. RAM presents over 20 exhibitions annually, varying from large-scale, thematic exhibitions to installations by international artists and projects by emerging Icelandic artists. The museum holdings (currently a collection of 16,000 works) consist of six separate art collections: the General Art Collection of the City of Reykjavík, the Erró Collection, the Kjarval Collection, the Ásmundur Sveinsson Sculpture Collection, the Architecture Collection, and publicly sited work.
Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium (Belgium)
The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, host a collection of approximately 22,000 artworks (paintings, sculptures, works on paper, decorative art), covering a time period that ranges from the 15th until the 21st century. The institution includes five museums: the museum of modern art, the museum of ancient art, the Magritte museum, the Constantin Meunier museum, and the Antoine Wiertz museum. The missions of the MRBAB-KMSKB include the conservation of the collections, conducting research projects, and organising exhibitions.
Staatliche Hochschule für Gestaltung (Germany)
The Karlsruhe University of Arts and Design (HfG) conceives itself as an academic institution implementing a new synthesis of research, teaching and experiment in the fields of art and science, appropriate to the conditions of an advanced industrial and information society. HfG undertakes to join – under an extended definition of the term ‘design’ – the design disciplines with the new media arts, with curatorial practice and art studies as well as with philosophy and media theory. It collects relevant experiences using digital media archives in the context of art and culture.
Transmediale pursues the advancement of artistic positions reflecting on the socio-cultural, political and creative impact of new technologies, network practices and digital innovation. As a festival aiming to define the contours of contemporary digital culture, it seeks out artistic practices that not only respond to scientific or technical developments, but that shape the way in which we reflect and experience the technologies which impact our daily lives. Transmediale also documents, discusses and develops the social, political and economical circumstances by which art is surrounded.
UBITECH is a leading, highly innovative company, established to provide technical solutions and consulting services in order to pave the way for efficient and effective access and communication with various heterogeneous information and services. In the area of digital content and more specifically e-culture, UBITECH has successfully executed the implementation of the web-portal for the ‘Centre for Asia Minor Studies’ and the design and implementation of the ‘European Cultural Centre of Delphi (ECCD)’, offering digital content management and information presentation of the organization.
WRO Art Center (Poland)
WRO was founded in 1989 as an international festival of media art, which has surpassed its role of just a cyclical event, and since 1998 has been operating as the WRO Center for Media Art Foundation. It is the first in Poland, and one of the largest surveys of media art in Central and Eastern Europe, taking up issues of contemporary art in the perspective of culture and communication. Since 2008, the Foundation has run the WRO Art Center, a public gallery that offers exhibitions, performances, screenings, lectures and workshops featuring Polish and international art.
- Work package 1: Project Management
- Work package 2: Partner coordination and technical specification of collections
- Work package 3: Metadata requirements for digitising and archiving contemporary art
- Work package 4: Digitisation (supervision)
- Work package 5: Preparation, aggregation and ingestion of content
- Work package 6: Long-term sustainability (guidelines for long-term preservation of digital files)
- Work package 7: Dissemination
- APEnet aggregates content from Europe’s national archives.
- ASSETS aims to improve the usability of Europeana
- ATHENA aggregates museum content and promotes standards for museum digitisation and metadata.
- BHL-Europe brings biodiversity heritage into Europeana.
- CARARE aggregates content for the archaeology and architectural heritage.
- ECLAP will build a digital performing arts library.
- EURO-Photo digitises photographs from news agencies.
- European Film Gateway (EFG) aggregates cinema related material.
- Europeana Connect adds sound material to Europeana.
- Europeana Local brings content from regional and local content holders.
- Europeana Regia is digitising royal manuscripts from Medieval and Renaissance Europe.
- Europeana Travel will bring material associated with travel,trade,tourism and migration in Europeana
- EuropeanaPhotography will bring photographic collections online.
- EUscreen contributes television material to Europeana.
- HOPE aims to improve access to digital social history collections.
- JUDAICA Europeana looks at the Jewish contribution to Europe’s cultural heritage.
- MIMO will create a single access point to digital content and information about musical instruments.
- Natural Europe connects the digital collections of natural history museums.
- The European Library aggregates the content of national libraries.
- thinkMOTION gathers content from the field of motion systems.